“AN AYAH A DAY KEEPS THE SHAITAAN AWAY”
Bismillah Hir Rahman Nir Raheem.
In the Name of Allah(swt) the Most Merciful and the Most Beneficial”.
Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakaatuhu
AN AYAH A DAY
بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ
THE REASON AL FATIHAH IS CALLED UMM AL KITAB⤵
In his Sahih, Al-Bukhari said; “It is called Umm Al -Kitab, because the Qur’an starts with it and because the prayer is started by reciting it.”
The Arabs call every comprehensive matter that contains several specific areas an Umm. For instance, they call the skin that surrounds the brain, Umm Ar-Ra’s.Makkah was called Umm Al-Qura, (the Mother of the Villages) because it is the grandest and the leader of all villages
Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Hurayrah narrated about Umm Al-Qur’an that the Prophet said,
«هِيَ أُمُّ الْقُرْآنِ وَهِيَ السَّبْعُ الْمَثَانِي وَهِيَ الْقُرْآنُ الْعَظِيمُ»
(It is Umm Al-Qur’an, the seven repeated (verses) and the Glorious Qur’an.)
VIRTUES OF AL-FATIHAH
Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal recorded in the Musnad that Abu Sa`id bin Al-Mu`alla said,
“I was praying when the Prophet called me, so I did not answer him until I finished the prayer. I then went to him and he said, (What prevented you from coming) I said, ‘O Messenger of Allah ! I was praying.’ He said, (`Didn’t Allah say), (O you who believe! Answer Allah (by obeying Him) and (His) Messenger when he calls you to that which gives you life) He then said, (I will teach you the greatest Surah in the Qur’an before you leave the Masjid.) He held my hand and when he was about to leave the Masjid, I said, `O Messenger of Allah! You said: I will teach you the greatest Surah in the Qur’an.’ He said, (Yes.)
﴿الْحَمْدُ للَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَـلَمِين
َ ﴾ (Al-Hamdu lillahi Rabbil-`Alamin)”
(It is the seven repeated (verses) and the Glorious Qur’an that I was given.)”
Al-Bukhari recorded that Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri said, “Once, we were on a journey when a female servant came and said, `The leader of this area has been poisoned and our people are away. Is there a healer among you’ Then a man whose healing expertise did not interest us stood for her, he read a Ruqyah for him, and he was healed. The chief gave him thirty sheep as a gift and some milk. When he came back to us we said to him, `You know of a (new) Ruqyah, or did you do this before’ He said, `I only used Umm Al-Kitab as Ruqyah.’ We said, `Do not do anything further until we ask the Messenger of Allah.’ When we went back to Al-Madinah we mentioned what had happened to the Prophet . The Prophet said, (Who told him that it is a Ruqyah Divide (the sheep) and reserve a share for me.)”
Also, Muslim recorded in his Sahih, and An-Nasa’i in his Sunan that Ibn `Abbas said, “While Jibril (Gabriel) was with the Messenger of Allah , he heard a noise from above. Jibril lifted his sight to the sky and said, `This is a door in heaven being open, and it has never been opened before now.’ An angel descended from that door and came to the Prophet and said, `Receive the glad tidings of two lights that you have been given, which no other Prophet before you was given: the Opening of the Book and the last (three) Ayat of Surat Al-Baqarah. You will not read a letter of them, but will gain its benefit.”’
AL-FATIHAH AND THE PRAYER
Muslim recorded that Abu Hurayrah said that the Prophet said, (Whoever performs any prayer in which he did not read Umm Al-Qur’an, then his prayer is incomplete.) He said it thrice.
Abu Hurayrah was asked, “When we stand behind the Imam?” He said, “Read it to yourself, for I heard the Messenger of Allah say,
(Allah, the Exalted, said, `I have divided the prayer (Al-Fatihah) into two halves between Myself and My servant, and My servant shall have what he asks for.’
If he says,
﴿الْحَمْدُ للَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَـلَمِينَ ﴾
All praise and thanks be to
Allah, the Lord of existence.)
Allah says, `My servant has praised Me.’
When the servant says, ﴿الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ ﴾ (The Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.)
Allah says, `My servant has glorified Me.’
When he says, ﴿مَـلِكِ يَوْمِ الدِّينِ ﴾(The Owner of the Day of Recompense.)
Allah says, `My servant has glorified Me,’ or `My servant has related all matters to Me.’
When he says,
﴿إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وَإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ ﴾
( You Alone) we worship, and You (alone) we ask for help.)
Allah says, `This is between Me and My servant, and My servant shall acquire what he sought.’
When he says,
﴿اهْدِنَا الصِّرَاطَ الْمُسْتَقِيمَ – صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ غَيْرِ الْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلاَ الضَّآلِّينَ ﴾
(Guide us to the straight path. The way of those on whom You have granted Your grace, not (the way) of those who earned Your anger, nor of those who went astray),
Allah says, `This is for My servant, and My servant shall acquire what he asked for.’).”
RECITING AL-FATIHAH IS REQUIRED IN EVERY RAKAT OF THE PRAYER
All of these facts testify to the requirement that reciting the Qur’an (Al-Fatihah) in the prayer is required, and there is a consensus between the scholars on this ruling.
Also, the Two Sahihs recorded that `Ubadah bin As-Samit said that the Messenger of Allah said, (There is no prayer for whoever does not recite the Opening of the Book.)
There are many other Hadiths on this subject. Therefore, reciting the Opening of the Book, during the prayer by the Imam and those praying behind him, is required in every prayer, and in every Rak`ah.
And Allah knows Best .
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We have embarked upon a new journey of learning AN AYAH A DAY & I request you all to keep the same decorum & enthusiasm in learning our deen.
May Allaah accept it from us & you all.
Ameen ya Rabbul Alameen
Jazakumullaahu khairan katheeran katheera.
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